This site is intended for healthcare professionals only
DiabetesontheNet Logo

Diabetes &
Primary Care


Share this article

How to prevent, identify and manage hypoglycaemia in adults with diabetes

Nicola Milne
Essential information on hypoglycaemia, how to prevent it and how to treat it if it occurs. The aim of the “How to” series is to provide readers with a guide to clinical procedures and aspects of diabetes care that are covered in the clinic setting.

Readers are directed to the PDF version of this article.


1. BNF (2022) Hypoglycaemia. NICE, London. Available at: (accessed 28.04.22)

2. Alwafi H, Alsharif AA, Wei L et al (2020) Incidence and prevalence of hypoglycaemia in type 1 and type 2 diabetes individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 170: 108522

3. NICE (2021) Scenario: Insulin therapy – type 2 diabetes. NICE, London. Available at: (accessed 28.04.22)

4. American Diabetes Association (2022) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes – 2022. Abridged for primary care providers. Clin Diabetes 40: 10–38

5. Amiel SA (2021) The consequences of hypoglycaemia. Diabetologia 64: 963–70

6. Barnett AH, Cradock S, Fisher M (2010) Key considerations around the risks and consequences of hypoglycaemia in people with type 2 diabetes. Int J Clin Pract 64: 1121–9

7. Matyka K, Evans M, Lomas J et al (1997) Altered hierarchy of protective responses against severe hypoglycemia in normal aging in healthy men. Diabetes Care 20: 135–41

8. NICE (2015) Type 2 diabetes in adults: management [NG28]. Updated March 2022. NICE, London. Available at: (accessed 28.04.22)

9. NICE (2015) Type 1 diabetes in adults: diagnosis and management [NG17]. Updated March 2022. Available at: (accessed 28.04.22)

Related content
Free for all UK & Ireland healthcare professionals

Sign up to all DiabetesontheNet journals


By clicking ‘Subscribe’, you are agreeing that are able to email you periodic newsletters. You may unsubscribe from these at any time. Your info is safe with us and we will never sell or trade your details. For information please review our Privacy Policy.

DiabetesontheNet Logo

Are you a healthcare professional? This website is for healthcare professionals only. To continue, please confirm that you are a healthcare professional below.

We use cookies responsibly to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your browser settings, we’ll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on this website. Read about how we use cookies.